The Thai economy displayed a strong recovery despite facing several negative factors throughout
the year, including uncertainties in the global economic recovery, domestic political unrest,
exchange rate volatility and occurrences of natural disaster. Strong economic fundamentals, together with
accommodative fiscal and monetary policies entailed an economic expansion of 7.8 %, characterized by robust
growth rates in export, tourism and domestic demand.
Global economic recovery, together with accommodative monetary and fiscal policies,
has restored domestic spending, production, and investment to the normal levels. The global economic
recovery and accommodative public policies had positive impacts on restoring employment growth and working
hours. In addition, higher farm income, together with a revival of consumer confidence, helped restore the
domestic spending to 6.1 % growth from 2.3 % contraction last year. Strong domestic spending was
mirrored by a robust depository corporations’ private credits growth, which accelerated to 12.6%
from a 3.1 % growth last year.
The fiscal sector remained supportive as indicated by the amount in the ordinary budget,
additional finance under the Strong Thailand Project, as well as the living cost reduction measures such
as subsidies in the energy and utility sectors.
Inflation rates, from a negative territory last year, turned positive as a result of
the continued economic expansion and rising costs in both raw material and wages. This caused producers
to gradually increase their prices.
The Thai baht appreciated in line with the regional currencies due to large capital inflows, as a result
of different growth prospects between major industrialized countries, having weak economic conditions and
accommodative monetary policies, while regional countries including Thailand having strong economic
fundamentals. Despite exchange rate appreciation, Thailand’s export values grew robustly by 28.5 %,
reflecting resiliency of the export sector.
Purchasing power parity: $565.8056 billion (2010 est.)
GDP-real growth rate: 7.81% (2010 est.)
GDP-per capita: purchasing power parity: $8,190 (2010 est.)
GDP-composition by sector:
Population below poverty line
0.5% (2010 est.)
The total reserves of 400 million telephone numbers.
Service to general public adequate, but investments in technological upgrades reduced by recession;
bulk of service to government activities provided by multichannel cable and microwave radio relay network.
Domestic : microwave radio relay and multichannel cable, domestic satellite system being developed.
International : satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (1 Indian Ocean and 1 Pacific Ocean).
Radio broadcast stations
AM 204 (in government-controlled network), FM 334 (in government-controlled network), shortwave 6.
Television broadcast stations
There are a total of six free-to-air television channels in Thailand, which are:
- Channel 3 : BEC-Bangkok Entertainment Company, under license from MCOT
- Channel 5 : Royal Thai Army Radio and Television (TV5)
- Channel 7 : (Bangkok Broadcasting & Television Company Limited under license from Royal Thai Army.
- Channel 9 : Modernine TV (MCOT)
- National Broadcasting Services of Thailand (NBT) : National television Network, the Government Public Relations Department.
- Thai Public Broadcasting Service (TPBS) : Operated by Department of Public Relations.
Southeastern Asia, bordering the Andaman Sea and the Gulf of Thailand, southeast of Burma.
00 N, 1000
Total: 514,000 sq km
Land: 511,770 sq km
Water: 2,230 sq km
Slightly more than twice the size of Wyoming
Total: 4,863 km
Border countries: Burma 1,800 km, Cambodia 803 km, Laos 1,754 km, Malaysia 506 km
Coastline: 3,219 km
Continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm (370.4 Km.)
Territorial sea: 12 nm
Tropical; rainy, warm, cloudy southwest monsoon (mid-May to September); dry, cool northeast monsoon
(November to mid-March); southern isthmus always hot and humid.
Central plain; Khorat Plateau in the east; mountains elsewhere
Lowest point: Gulf of Thailand 0 m
Highest point: Doi Inthanon 2,576 m
Tin, rubber, natural gas, tungsten, tantalum, timber, lead, fish, gypsum, lignite, fluorite
Arable land: 34%
Permanent crops: 6%
Permanent pastures: 2%
Forests and woodland: 25.28%
Other: 32% (1993 est.)
44,000 sq km (1993 est.)
Conventional long form: Kingdom of Thailand
Conventional short form: Thailand
Data code, 2 and 3 Digit
77 provinces (changwat , singular and plural)
||Mae Hong Son
||Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya
||Prachuap Khiri Khan
||Nakhon Si Thammarat
||Nong Bua Lamphu
1238 (traditional founding date; never colonized)
New constitution signed by King PHUMIPHON on 24 August 2007
Based on civil law system, with influences of common law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
18 years of age; universal and compulsory
Chief of state: King Bhumibol Adulyadej (since 9 June 1946)
Head of government: Yingluck Shinawatra (since 5 August 2011)
Cabinet: Council of Ministers
Note: there is also a Privy Council Elections: none; the monarch is hereditary; prime minister
designated from among the members of the House of
following a national election for the House of
Representatives, the leader of the party that can organize a
majority coalition usually becomes prime minister.
Bicameral National Assembly or Rathasapha consists of the Senate or Wuthisapha and the House of Representatives or Sapha Phuthaen Ratsadon
The Senate : The upper house of the legislative branch was first established in 1946. However for most of
its history the Senate has been the stronghold of the military and the elite. The current Senate
has 150 members; The Senate sits for a set six years non renewable term.
The House of Representatives : The lower house of the legislative branch has been in existence in some form since 1932.
The House of Representatives is the primary legislative house of the government of Thailand.
The House comprises 500 members.400 of the MPs are elected directly from single-seat constituencies
around the country. The other 100 members are selected using 'proportional representation' through
party-lists. There are 8 electoral areas from which the proportionally representative votes are
taken and 375 constituencies. This system is called the ‘Mixed Member Majoritarian’ in which
a voter has two votes one for the constituency MP and the other for a party in the voter’s electoral area.
Supreme Court (Sandika), judges appointed by the monarch
International organization participation
APEC, AsDB, ASEAN, CCC, CP, ESCAP, FAO, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO,
Inmarsat, Intelsat, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO, ITU, NAM, OPCW, PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNIKOM,
UNMIBH, UNU, UPU, WCL, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO
Five horizontal bands of red (top), white, blue (double width), white, and red
Royal Thai Army, Royal Thai Navy includes Royal Thai Marine Corps), Royal Thai Air Force, Paramilitary Forces
Total : 63,878,267
Male : 31,451,801
Female : 32,426,466 (December 2011 est.)
0-14 years: 20.7%
15-64 years: 67.4%
65 years and over: 11.9% (December 2011 est.)
Population growth rate
0.60% (2010 est.)
12.4 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)
6.90 deaths/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Net migration rate
56.80 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Under 15 years: 13,010,000 male(s)/female
Labor force 15-59 years: 43,091,000 male(s)/female
Elderly (60 years and over): 7,790,000 male(s)/female
Elderly (65 years and over): 5,212,000 male(s)/female
School ages (6 - 21 years): 15,192,000 male(s)/female
Women of reproductive ages (15 - 49 years): 17,711,000 male(s)/female
Noun: Thai (singular and plural)
Thai 80%, Chinese 15%, other 5%
Buddhism 95%, Muslim 3.8%, Christianity 0.5%, Hinduism 0.1%, other 0.6% (2011 est.)
Thai, English (secondary language of the elite), ethnic and regional dialects
Definition: age 15 and over can read and write
Total population: 96 %
Male: 90 - 97%
Female: 90 - 97% (2011 est.)
Total: 4,623 km
Narrow gauge: 4,623 km 1.000-m gauge (99 km double track)
Bangkok is the only city in Thailand with a metro and Tour bus service system:
- Bangkok Metro (MRT)
- Bangkok Skytrain (BTS)
- BRT (Bangkok)
- Premier Metro Bus or METROBUS
- Suvarnabhumi Airport Link
Total: 64,600 km
Paved: 62,985 km
Unpaved: 1,615 km (1996 est.)
3,999 km principal waterways; 3,701 km with navigable depths of 0.9 m or more throughout the year;
numerous minor waterways navigable by shallow-draft native craft.
Petroleum products: 67 km
Natural gas: 350 km
Ports and harbors
Bangkok, Laem Chabang, Pattani, Phuket, Sattahip, Si Racha, Songkhla
Total: 299 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 1,848,626 GRT/2,989,382 DWT
||Liquefied gas tanker19
||Multi-functional large load carrier 3
||Short-sea passenger 2
||Chemical tanker 3
||Specialized tanker 5
||Combination bulk 1
||Oil tanker 63
Total: 106 (1999 est.)
Suvarnbhumi Airport is an international airport serving Bangkok,
Thailand. The airport is currently the main hub. It also serves as regional gateway and
connecting point for various foreign carriers. Airport is located in Racha Thewa in Bang
Phli district, Samut Prakan Province, about 25 kilometres (16 mi) east of downtown Bangkok.
Airports - Paved runways total: 56
- Over 3,047 m: 6
- 2,438 to 3,047 m: 9
- 1,524 to 2,437 m: 17
- 914 to 1,523 m: 20
- Under 914 m: 4
Airports - Unpaved runways total: 50
- 1,524 to 2,437 m: 1
- 914 to 1,523 m: 16
- Under 914 m: 33